Improving Dental Implants

Dr. Parvin Carter

If you have done any research on your own about dental implants and replacing missing teeth, then you know that often times, the jaw bone must be prepared to hold an implant with a mysterious procedure called a “bone graft”.  It sounds very scary, and you might find yourself imagining all sorts of scenarios that might explain exactly what bone grafting is.  The truth is, dental bone grafting is a very delicate and advanced treatment which is designed to restore both the width and the height of the jaw bone, which may have been lost due to tooth loss, periodontal disease or other disease or trauma.

What is Bone Graft

During jaw and tooth repair operations, dentist  normally stick a sponge full of bone-growth-stimulating proteins called bone graft, near the offending area.

Dental Bone grafting has been used since 1970’s and 80’s.

Problems With Bone Grafts

The success rate for bone grafts in the jaws for the purpose of placing dental implants is very high. However, there is always a chance that the bone graft will fail, even if your own bone was used. Bone grafts are not rejected like organ transplants. Dentists don’t know why some bone grafts fail. They do know that certain people—such as those who smoke and those with certain medical conditions—have higher risks of graft failure than others do.

Latest Technique For Dental Implants

Recently, September 19, 2013 — Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have discovered that diamonds on a much, much smaller scale than those used in jewelry could be used to promote bone growth and the durability of dental implants.

Application of Diamond Dust in Bone Growth

Nano diamonds, which are created as byproducts of conventional mining and refining operations, are approximately 4 to 5 nano meters (nm) (A sheet of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick) in diameter and are shaped like tiny soccer balls. Scientists from the UCLA School of Dentistry, the UCLA Department of Bioengineering, and Northwestern University, along with collaborators at the Nano Carbon Research Institute in Japan, state:

“Overall, we find that [nanodiamonds] provide an effective injectable alternative for the delivery of BMP-2 [bone morphogenetic protein 2] and bFGF [basic fibroblast growth factor] to promote bone formation,” wrote the study authors, led by Dean Ho, PhD, a professor of oral biology and medicine and also co-director of the Jane and Jerry Weintraub Center for Reconstructive Biotechnology at the UCLA School of Dentistry.

Newly Discovered Bone Growth Solution Can be Used by Injection or Oral Rinse.

The researchers found that nanodiamonds, which are invisible to the human eye, bind rapidly to both bone morphogenetic protein and fibroblast growth factor, demonstrating that the proteins can be simultaneously delivered using one vehicle. The unique surface of the diamonds allows the proteins to be delivered more slowly, which may allow the affected area to be treated for a longer period of time.

Furthermore, the nanodiamonds can be administered noninvasively, such as by an injection or an oral rinse.

Scientists also believe that nanodiamonds may combat osteonecrosis, a potentially debilitating disease in which bones break down due to reduced blood flow.
When osteonecrosis affects the jaw, it can prevent people from eating and speaking; when it occurs near joints, it can restrict or preclude movement.

In dentistry experience and Continuing Education are everything. Dr. Parvin Carter has over 30 years of experience in Practicing General Dentistry and 25 years in Orthodontics. She has thousands of hours of advanced training. In 2000, Academy of General Dentistry awarded Dr. Carter a Certificate of Mastership (MAGD) in General Dentistry. According to the Journal of the Academy of General Dentistry, only 1% of US dentists achieve this high level of advancement. Dr. Carter is a Certified and Preferred Provider of Invisalign. She has successfully treated over 350 patients with Invisalign.

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